Skepticism

Quick Definition: Requires all claims to be well-supported by evidence

 

From Wikipedia:

Skepticism or scepticism (see spelling differences) is generally any questioning attitude towards knowledge, facts, or opinions/beliefs stated as facts,[1] or doubt regarding claims that are taken for granted elsewhere.[2]

Philosophical skepticism is an overall approach that requires all information to be well supported by evidence.[3] Classical philosophical skepticism derives from the ‘Skeptikoi’, a school who “asserted nothing”.[4]Adherents of Pyrrhonism (and more recently, partially synonymous with Fallibilism), for instance, suspend judgment in investigations.[5] Skeptics may even doubt the reliability of their own senses.[6]Religious skepticism, on the other hand, is “doubt concerning basic religious principles (such as immortality, providence, and revelation)”.[7]Scientific skepticism is about testing scientific beliefs for reliability, by subjecting them to systematic investigation using the scientific method, to create empirical evidence for them.

 

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